Saturday, July 14, 2018

The Kent State Shootings: Kent's May 4 Visitors Center


I was in Kent two weeks ago and had lunch with my old friend Dean Kahler. Dean was able to get me into the May 4 Visitors Center before its official opening tomorrow. 

I did not have any issue with the Center itself. I was disappointed that the university did not even acknowledge any of the controversies that made May 4 such a cause celebre, and by the way it treated the judicial aftermath almost as if the search for the truth and the struggle for justice were of little consequence. 

My feeling was that the Center at least provided a decent overview for new students and people who were not alive in 1970. It was exactly what you expect to emanate from a committee comprised of people with different points of view. There was nothing in the Center to offend anyone, and by the same token, it did not excite me. Maybe I have been writing about May 4, 1970 for too long.

What astonished me, though, was the Center's 43-page handout pamphlet  (This We Know).  I was so angry that I have not been able to write about it for two weeks. The book was written by Carole Barbato, Laura Davis, and Mark Seeman, three of the professors who made the Center possible. In telling the story of May 1-4, 1970, the pamphlet cited every other major account of the tragedy except mine. They did not cite any of the new evidence I uncovered, any of my arguments, and the professors did not even include me in their "Recommended Reading."

This was no oversight. If anyone doubted my suspicions that Kent State scholars were trying to negate everything I did, this is the icing on the cake.

The irony, of course, is that I have been the only person who has examined all the new evidence. I have been galluping so far ahead of the Barbatos, Davises. Seemans, and Jerry Lewises that I do not think any scholar at Kent State will ever catch up with me.

I am sure the reason the do not want to encourage the reading of my book is because of my criticisms of Kent State schiolars, who, after 42 years, are still taking baby steps when it comes to May 4. I am sure my reporting on the dishonesty of Jerry Lewis' (their go-to expert) has not helped. And the radicals "positively hate" me, as one alumnus put it, because I argued the students who committed crimes on campus should have been prosecuted too. Laura Davis is one of the faculty members who supported the student violence, and if you are not an ideologue, you are not welcome at Kent State.

I do not think there will ever be really honest history emanating from Kent State. The university has hired crisis management experts to improve their reputation, and tightly control the local press. They want to make sure that anyone not promoting Kent State ever gets a chance to be heard.

Dean and I discussed this, and he made the remark that someone at the university is out to get me. I swear: it seems like every dunce at that university is in confederacy against me. Of course, that was Jonathan Swift's definition of a genius. I know that I am not a genius; just a B-plus student who is far more clever, resourceful, and much more of a real scholar than any of these people at Kent State.

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

The Proposed Kent State Movie: Did Howard Means Plagiarize My Book on Kent State?

A year and half ago, when I let Howard Means off the hook for plagiarizing my book, (, I was inexplicably thinking that he had to have copied my text word to word in order to  be guilty of plagiarism. I do not know why I thought that. Perhaps I did not want to believe he was capable of theft . . . or maybe I did not want to make a big issue of it. We are, after all, competitors and anyone who knows anything about the cesspool that May 4 has become would understand that he did not hurt me as much as others have. 

In any event, after I was reintroduced to the Chicago Manual of Style, it appears that I was wrong about Means. The Manual's guidelines suggest he did in fact steal from my work without crediting my original reporting.

Section 4.85 of the Manual, which defines what constitutes fair use and what constitutes plagiarism, states:

"With all reuse of others' materials, it is important to identify the original as the source. This not only bolsters the claim of fair use but also helps avoid any accusation of plagiarism. Nothing elaborate is required: a standard footnote will suffice."

Means used no such footnote in passing off my research as if it were his own. Last year, in my blog post of April 6, 2016, I noted that on page 43 of his book Means basically lifted  from what I wrote about in the updated e-book edition of Four Dead in Ohio published a year earlier. 

In my book (Kindle location 414-450), I cited my sources in reporting that two individuals had finally admitted to being involved in the destruction of the university ROTC building on May 2, 1970. two days before the killings. Before that, no one had ever admitted being responsible for the arson (although I did report in the original hardcover edition of my book (1990) that one of the individuals involved, the late George Walter Harrington, was prominently mentioned in memos sent to and from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. If you will forgive my footnote fetish, I raised the question as to why Harrington was never indicted, especially since he admitted to the FBI that he played a key intermediary role in the initial attempts to burn ROTC down).

Instead of revealing how he came across this information, Means cited only "an anonymous source" in identifying the second arsonist, Thomas "Aquinas" Miller. I first reported about Miller, citing a report in an unrelated book (Fortney Road) which reported Miller's subsequent involvement in a cult. 

Means' claim that he used "an anonymous source" does not withstand the smell test. Journalists typically grant anonymity when they have to protect whistleblowers who might be fired if their identifies were publicly revealed. Kent State, on the other hand, is strictly an historical event.

In this case, both of individuals involved in the arson (Harrington and Miller) have been dead for over 30 and 40 years. There was no compelling reason for anyone to ask for anonymity, or for Means to grant it. Given that I was the first to link Harrington to Miller and write about them together a year before the Means' came out, it strains credulity to believe that Means' "anonymous source" was anything other than my book.

The Chicago Manual makes it clear that an author (Means) cannot take "a free ride on the first author's labor." I also noted in my blog that Means' work as a whole was far less original than his book seemed to suggest. In the final analysis, he did not break any new ground but essentially seconded more than 20 conclusions I reached 26 years earlier. 

And what could be more suspicious than the fact that Means pretended my exhaustive research did not exist? Means never once cited my book in his source notes and even excluded it in his selected bibliography. That bibliography, by the way, cites every other other essential book on May 4, 1970. As I wrote last year: "it was almost as if he did not want anyone to compare his book with mine." Means also wrote as if no previous May 4 author came before him.

I am sure Means will come up with some excuse, as if a 70-something-year-old author of over ten books did not know that plagiarism is the most serious journalistic sin a journalist or popular historian can commit.

This issue suddenly became important again after the announcement that producer/director Jay Roach intends to turn Means book, 67 Shots, into a motion picture using the same title as Means. The proposed movie is being packaged by Roach's production company. Other producers include Tina Fey and her composer husband, Jeff Richmond, a graduate of Kent State.